The Great Wall of China, built 2700 years ago, is known to be the longest wall in the world and one of the most extensive construction projects ever completed. The extremely long wall was built by different dynasties for the purpose of protecting the Chinese empire, and while it failed sometimes to do so but it is still one of the most appealing attractions all around the world.
The Wall stretches along nearly 3460 kilometers from east to west of China. It consists of numerous walls and fortifications that many of them run in parallel to each other winding up and down across grasslands, desserts and mountains. The Great Wall was listed as one of the greatest wonders of the world and a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1987. And rumor has it that it is the only man-made structure visible from space.
Although it was first started in the third century, many of its fortification date back to hundred years earlier from the time of the warring states period when China was divided into kingdoms. A number of the existing walls then were ordered to be joined within a single wall by King Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of a unified China. Sections were overlapped in some strategic positions for maximum security.
A huge number of soldiers, convicts and workers build the wall that was mostly made earth and stone.It is said that nearly 400000 people died during the construction of the great wall and many of them were buried under the wall!
Bricks lost, not history
Over centuries, parts of the Great Wall of China disappeared or deteriorated that it stay now in ruins.Natural factors and human neglect caused the wall to lose nearly 2,000 kilometers or 30%.The best-preserved section of the Great Wall was built in the 14th through 17th centuries A.D.
while China- Badalingis the most well-known part of the wall and is located is which is located 70 km northwest of Beijing. It was rebuilt in the late 1950s, and attracts thousands of national and foreign tourists daily.
Mutianyu is the most fully-restored Great Wall section, Jinshanling is the most popular Great Wall hiking route, and Jiankou is the section that appears on most postcards steep and perilous.
The authorities issued laws to protect the wall and to prevent further damage and loss. It also launched funding campaigns for restoration and maintenance.